스프링 부트(Spring boot)로 restful API 서버 개발하기

스프링 부트를 이용한 api서버를 만들겠습니다.

서버에 요청하면 json형식으로 결과를 내려주는 서버를 만들게 됩니다.


프로젝트 생성

메이븐 프로젝트를 생성해 줍니다.

new-project-Maven Project해서 생성하시던지

그냥 프로젝트 생성 후 confiture-convert to maven project를 해줍니다.

아래와 동일한 프로젝트 구조가 생성이 됩니다.

2016/09/07 - [개발/JAVA] - 스프링 부트(Spring boot)로 개발하기


라이브러리 추가

pom.xml


<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemalocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
 
  <groupId>net.donnert</groupId>
  <artifactId>spring.boot.web</artifactId>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <packaging>jar</packaging>
 
  <name>spring.boot.web</name>
  <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
 
  <properties>
    <project.build.sourceencoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceencoding>
  </properties>
 
  <parent>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
    <version>1.4.1.RELEASE</version>
  </parent>
 
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>junit</groupId>
      <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
      <version>3.8.1</version>
      <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</project>

스프링 부트 parent와 starter-web을 달아줍니다.

배치때 사용한 것은 그냥 starter입니다. 뒤에 web을 붙여줍니다.


Application.java

package net.donnert.spring.boot.web;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class Application {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
    }
}

그냥 스타트.


Article.java

package net.donnert.spring.boot.web;

public class Article {
	
	private long seq;
	private String title;
	private String text;
	private String writer;
	public String getTitle() {
		return title;
	}
	public void setTitle(String title) {
		this.title = title;
	}
	public String getText() {
		return text;
	}
	public void setText(String text) {
		this.text = text;
	}
	public String getWriter() {
		return writer;
	}
	public void setWriter(String writer) {
		this.writer = writer;
	}
	public long getSeq() {
		return seq;
	}
	public void setSeq(long seq) {
		this.seq = seq;
	}
}

클라이언트로 전달 될 클래스입니다.


ArticleController.java

package net.donnert.spring.boot.web;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
public class ArticleController {
	
	@RequestMapping(value = "list", method = RequestMethod.GET)
	public List
test() { List
list = new ArrayList
(); for(int i=1; i<=10; i++) { Article article = new Article(); article.setSeq(i); article.setText("This is text"); article.setTitle("This is title"); article.setWriter("I am writer"); list.add(article); } return list; } @RequestMapping(value = "article/{seq}", method = RequestMethod.GET) public Article detail(@PathVariable("seq") long seq) { Article article = new Article(); article.setSeq(seq); article.setText("This is text"); article.setTitle("This is title"); article.setWriter("I am writer"); return article; } }

@RestController 어노테이션을 통해 컨트롤러를 restful로 정의해줍니다.

이렇게 될 경우 @ResponseBody가 필요 없어집니다.


목록과 상세 2개의 url이 매핑되어있습니다.


테스트

Application.java를 실행하면 자체 서버가 뜹니다.

2016-10-07 15:20:52.554  INFO 4148 --- [           main] s.w.s.m.m.a.RequestMappingHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/list],methods=[GET]}" onto public java.util.List net.donnert.spring.boot.web.ArticleController.test()
2016-10-07 15:20:52.556  INFO 4148 --- [           main] s.w.s.m.m.a.RequestMappingHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/article/{seq}],methods=[GET]}" onto public net.donnert.spring.boot.web.Article net.donnert.spring.boot.web.ArticleController.detail(long)
2016-10-07 15:20:52.561  INFO 4148 --- [           main] s.w.s.m.m.a.RequestMappingHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/error]}" onto public org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity> org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.BasicErrorController.error(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest)
2016-10-07 15:20:52.562  INFO 4148 --- [           main] s.w.s.m.m.a.RequestMappingHandlerMapping : Mapped "{[/error],produces=[text/html]}" onto public org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.BasicErrorController.errorHtml(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse)
2016-10-07 15:20:52.611  INFO 4148 --- [           main] o.s.w.s.handler.SimpleUrlHandlerMapping  : Mapped URL path [/webjars/**] onto handler of type [class org.springframework.web.servlet.resource.ResourceHttpRequestHandler]
2016-10-07 15:20:52.611  INFO 4148 --- [           main] o.s.w.s.handler.SimpleUrlHandlerMapping  : Mapped URL path [/**] onto handler of type [class org.springframework.web.servlet.resource.ResourceHttpRequestHandler]
2016-10-07 15:20:52.758  INFO 4148 --- [           main] o.s.w.s.handler.SimpleUrlHandlerMapping  : Mapped URL path [/**/favicon.ico] onto handler of type [class org.springframework.web.servlet.resource.ResourceHttpRequestHandler]
2016-10-07 15:20:53.325  INFO 4148 --- [           main] o.s.j.e.a.AnnotationMBeanExporter        : Registering beans for JMX exposure on startup
2016-10-07 15:20:53.686  INFO 4148 --- [           main] s.b.c.e.t.TomcatEmbeddedServletContainer : Tomcat started on port(s): 8080 (http)

스프링 부트 스타터 웹에는 톰캣이 내장되어있습니다.

내장 톰캣이 8080으로 뜨는걸 볼 수 있습니다.


브라우저를 열고 url을 입력합니다.(http://localhost:8080/list)

[{"seq":1,"title":"This is title","text":"This is text","writer":"I am writer"},{"seq":2,"title":"This is title","text":"This is text","writer":"I am writer"},{"seq":3,"title":"This is title","text":"This is text","writer":"I am writer"},{"seq":4,"title":"This is title","text":"This is text","writer":"I am writer"},{"seq":5,"title":"This is title","text":"This is text","writer":"I am writer"},{"seq":6,"title":"This is title","text":"This is text","writer":"I am writer"},{"seq":7,"title":"This is title","text":"This is text","writer":"I am writer"},{"seq":8,"title":"This is title","text":"This is text","writer":"I am writer"},{"seq":9,"title":"This is title","text":"This is text","writer":"I am writer"},{"seq":10,"title":"This is title","text":"This is text","writer":"I am writer"}]

article 10개가 json형식으로 변환되어서 출력되는 것이 보입니다.


브라우저를 열고 url을 입력합니다.(http://localhost:8080/article/3)

{"seq":3,"title":"This is title","text":"This is text","writer":"I am writer"}

3번 article 역시 json으로 보여지고 있습니다. @PathVariable를 통해 url의 파라메터를 가져왔습니다.


간단하게 api서버가 완성(?)되었습니다.

logback, mybatis연결 등은 배치 예제에서와 동일한 방법으로 하시면 됩니다.

yml을 이용한 프로파일 적용 역시 동일합니다.

2016/09/23 - [개발/JAVA] - 스프링 부트(Spring boot)에서 mybatis(oracle) 적용하기

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